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Children and Adolescents


Eye health in children is important to be regularly checked by an ophthalmologist from earliest childhood.

Often vision problems go undetected in children especially because they have a point of comparison and therefore feel like “normal” mode to see how.

Prevention is essential to prevent serious eye problems or sequelae in vision that can not be remedied in the future. So it is important that children have appropriate and regular eye care.

Newborns can only distinguish objects as packages; in the first month of life that improves vision when the baby does fix the light, and three months, when he does follow moving objects in front of him. In childhood, the vision continues to develop as the eye grows, however, if the eyes are not developed to its full capacity, decreased visual ability. After 7 years, the evolution of the visual system tends to complete and visual defects that have not been resolved so far can not be improved: condition called amblyopia.

When should perform visual checks of children?

The boys, or not presented visual problems should be controlled ophthalmologist at birth, at 6 months of life in preschool (3 or 4 years) age, and then periodically at school age. Both at birth and at school entry ophthalmological control is mandatory.

Children’s vision develops and changes from birth and early life are very important to this process pediatrician or family doctor can check your eyes but a complete eye examination should be performed by an ophthalmologist.

Currently there are equipment that can determine if visual or ocular problems at any age, even in children who can not yet speak, thanks to the enormous progress in the field of Pediatric Ophthalmology.

What eye problems can have children?
    • Hyperopia: 
 This is a natural optical condition in children disappears as the eye grows. However, when it remains outside the normal range can cause headache or eyestrain and sometimes accompanies strabismus.
    • Myopia: 
 presents a blurred distance vision and good near vision. It is what people commonly defined as “short-sighted”.
    • Astigmatism: Causes 
 images look distorted.
    • Cataract: 
 is congenital or traumatic lens opacity. It can be compared to a window that “tarnish” the cold or steam.
    • Strabismus: 
 is the deviation of one or both eyes is a common cause of amblyopia.
    • Retinopathy of prematurity: 
 affects the veins and arteries inside the eye in the premature infant.
    • ING amblyopia

These diseases listed above can also generate amblyopia will be the first thing the eye doctor to diagnose and correct seek. After treating the cause, treat amblyopia child with the help of who should strive to use their “lazy” eye. This is achieved with a patch covering the eye with good vision during the day, and at certain times, for weeks or months, to encourage the “lazy” eye.

If amblyopia is not treated in time, the amblyopic eye can suffer irreversible visual effect, and if in the future the good eye becomes ill or injured, poor vision for life can develop.

The ophthalmologist should teach parents to implement the treatment of amblyopia, but it is the responsibility of those go to the correct treatment. No child likes to clog the eye that allows you to look good and function; but parents should try and convince you that it is best for him. Treatment success is closely linked to the participation and responsibility of parents and to the child’s cooperation.

The result also depends on the severity of amblyopia and the age of the child at the time of detection. If amblyopia is discovered after 8 or 9 years, treatment can fail; so it is very important to have regular reviews with the ophthalmologist early.